It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, mainly because of habitat loss and degradation. ○ Lettris Computational Ecology and Software, 2014, Vol. The insect cuticle contains an elaborate and diverse set of structures (Figure 11A) and as a material displays an enormous range of physical properties, which is dependent on the organization of chitin by specific proteins in the). , Sloth bear fur is completely black (rusty for some specimens), save for a whitish Y- or V-shaped mark on the chest. Out of 6,028,151 records in the U.S. Social Security Administration public data, the first name Aswal was not present.  Their long claws, which are ideally adapted for digging at termite mounds, make adults less capable of climbing trees to escape danger, as are other bears such as Asian black bears.  R.G. The traditional uses of selected Ayurvedic herbs, which are considered endangered or vulnerable by the IUCN, are given in Table 2 . Sows emit crooning sounds to their cubs. It was even taught numerous tricks, such as cradling a woodblock like a baby or pointing a bamboo stick like a gun. Sows gestate for 210 days, and typically give birth in caves or in shelters under boulders. The wordgames anagrams, crossword, Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata. 9.2 (2017). Cicada, (family Cicadidae), any of a group of sound-producing insects (order Homoptera) that have two pairs of membranous wings, prominent compound eyes, and three simple eyes (ocelli). Intervals between litters can last two to three years. Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. responsible for controlling and repelling insects. View Dr. Gunjan Singh Aswal’s profile on LinkedIn, the world’s largest professional community. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. एकद र ज क ष णद व य च य आम त रण न स र भक त प र दरद स र जव ड य त ग ल ह त . aswal-ḳ-seles See Language page PLE mountain/hill montaña, colina, loma, cerro morro, serra environment arḳa-ḳʰar See Language page PLE green verde verde quality arḳʰa See Language page PLE hot caliente quente quality ○ Boggle. , Bengal tigers occasionally prey on sloth bears. I felt the flesh crush, but I felt no pain at all. It was shot by Kenneth Anderson. The Kalandars, who practised the tradition of capturing sloth bears for entertainment purposes, were often employed in the courts of Mughal emperors to stage spectacles involving trained bears. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares. Current Trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy 3 (2): 138–148.  Sloth bears have a great vocal range. Individual riding positions are maintained by cubs through fighting. English Costus 2.3. In March and April, they eat the fallen petals of mowha trees and are partial to mangoes, sugar cane, jackfruit, and the pods of the golden shower tree. Although botanical insecticides encounter obstacles in research, development and commercialization, they still have a good future in Thailand due to However, their number in such activity is still large. Have fun and learn through Toys and Books. Tigers usually give sloth bears a wide berth, though some specimens may become habitual bear killers, and it is not uncommon to find sloth bear fur in tiger scats. Their toe pads are connected by a hairless web. This may be because the three species generally differ in habit and dietary preferences. Leaf spot disease caused by Alternaria alternata is the most prevalent disease, which is most severe in the plains of Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh.. Get instant relief from pain and itching. A fragment of fossilised humerus from the Pleistocene, found in Andhra Pradesh's Kurnool Basin is identical to the humerus of a modern sloth bear. The plant's long, brown, tuberous roots are used for medicinal purposes. M. theobaldi itself had teeth intermediate in size between sloth bears and other bear species, though its palate was the same size as the former species, leading to the theory that it is the sloth bear's direct ancestor. ", . Males are often observed to be gentle with cubs. Fischer called it Chondrorhynchus hirsutus, while Tiedemann named it Ursus longirostris. Exceptionally large specimens of females can scale up to 124 kg (273 lb) and males up to 192 kg (423 lb).  Although sloth bears have attacked humans, they rarely become man-eaters. When feeding, sloth bears make loud huffing and sucking noises, which can be heard over 100 m away. Locust – Insect name in English and Nepali In addition to behavioral changes, the phase change may be accompanied by changes in body shape and color, and infertility, physiology, and survival. Cicadas are medium to large in size, ranging from 2 to 5 cm (0.8 to 2 inches). , The sloth bear's global range includes India, the southern lowlands of Nepal, and Sri Lanka. They make their day beds out of broken branches in trees, and rest in caves during the wet season.  The back of the palate is long and broad, as is typical in other ant-eating mammals. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, mainly because of habitat loss and degradation.. The transgenic mice showed reversal of behavioral deficits and plaque load after treatment with the extract for 30 days.  The Indian rhinoceros has a similar intolerance for sloth bears, and will charge at them. Sounds such as barks, screams, grunts, roars, snarls, whickers, woofs, and yelps are made when angered, threatening, or when fighting. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. When their territories are encroached upon by humans, they sometimes attack them. Sloth Bear ambling along near cultivation, at the edge of a village.A sloth bear near the boundary of Panna National Park (Madhya Pradesh, India) running around in sarsoan (mustard / rapeseed) fields near a village! Sloth bears have been tamed and used as performing animals and as pets. , Asian elephants apparently do not tolerate sloth bears in their vicinity. Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more. doi:10.1007/s10456-004-1026-3. Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities. Dr. Gunjan Singh’s education is listed on their profile. Many organisations are helping in the conservation and preservation of sloth bears in safe places. Ahmad, M. K.; Mahdi, A. The main active constituents are alkaloids and steroidal lactones.  Sloth bear cubs develop quickly compared to most other bear species: they start walking a month after birth, become independent at 24–36 months, and become sexually mature at the age of three years. イベント 練習(鹿児島工業G) イベントの詳細 場所：鹿児島工業G 時間：20:00スタート スタート時間を間違えないようにお願いします。 みんなでさあ、全国へ 日付 2018/11/13(火) 20:00 ～ 22:00 The sloth bear shows evidence of having undergone a convergent evolution similar to that of other ant-eating mammals.  The average weight of sloth bears from the nominate subspecies in Nepal was 95 kg (209 lb) in females and 114 kg (251 lb) in males. However, I came across an article in Russian (which my youngest son was able to get translated on-line). PS-28 Development of an Improved Recombinant Baculovirus Insecticide Containing an Insect-Specific Toxin Gene MP Ali, Tatsuya Kato , Enoch Y. Ratnayeke, S., Van Manen, F. T., Pieris, R., & Pragash, V. S. (2014). 先日、iPodに使っていたイヤホンをオーディオテクニカのATH-CK32からBOSEのBose in-ear headphones に替えてみました。 ATH-CK32の音質や音漏れ  The ears are very large and floppy. According to Robert Armitage Sterndale, in his Mammalia of India (1884, p. 62): [The sloth bear] is also more inclined to attack man unprovoked than almost any other animal, and casualties inflicted by it are unfortunately very common, the victim being often terribly disfigured even if not killed, as the bear strikes at the head and face.  In Sri Lanka, the baculum of a sloth bear was once used as a charm against barrenness. 135. "Withaferin a is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis". At the turn of the century, the Sri Lankan sloth bear occurred throughout Sri Lanka.  Unlike tigers which prey on sloth bears of all size, there is little evidence that dholes are a threat to fully-grown sloth bears other than exceptionally rare cases.  One tiger was reported to simply break its victim's back with its paw, then wait for the paralysed bear to exhaust itself trying to escape before going in for the kill. It can tolerate a temperature range of 20 to 38°C and as low a temperature as 10°C. What is the English name for an insect know as "Chilta" in Marathi ?  Besides being smaller than males, females reportedly typically have more fur between their shoulders.  It is used as a herb in Ayurvedic medicine.  Carmine red spider mite (Tetranychus urticae) is the most prevalent pest of Withania somnifera in India.  A case report implicated ashwaganda as the cause of thyrotoxicosis in a 32-year old female who had taken ashwaganada extract capsules for symptoms of chronic fatigue.  When confronted by tigers face to face, sloth bears charge at them, crying loudly. B. et al. While Sloth Bears can be quite harmful, unpredictable and dangerous due to their poor eyesight and easy excitability, this fellow was quite oblivious to the presence of yours … To resolve this conflict, the basic issue of deteriorating habitat, which is the reason for the conflict between people and bears, improvements through government or community-based reforestation programmes, may be promoted. Unlike other bears, they do not congregate in feeding groups. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites ! , Besides tigers there are few predators of sloth bears. [William Thomas] Blanford was inclined to consider bears more dangerous than tigers... Captain Williamson in his Oriental Field Sports wrote of how sloth bears rarely killed their human victims outright, but would suck and chew on their limbs till they were reduced to bloody pulps. Withania somnifera, also known as ashwagandha, Indian ginseng, or winter cherry, is a plant in the Solanaceae or nightshade family. It was rather like having a tooth out with gas. The majority of sloth bears killed in forests were due to chance encounters with them during hunts for other game. Leaf spot disease caused by Alternaria alternata is the most prevalent disease, which is most severe in the plains of Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh.Biodeterioration of its pharmaceutically active components during leaf spot disease has been reported. Withania somnifera is prone to several pests and diseases. Acnistus, Brugmansia, Dunalia, Solanaceae[Hyper.]. , In two published clinical trials of W. somnifera, the side effects were not significantly different from those experienced by placebo-treated individuals. Leopards can also be a threat, as they are able to follow sloth bears up trees. From W. somnifera Ayurvedic herbs, which can be threatened by predators such as cradling aswal insect in english! And Pharmacy 3 ( 2 ): 138–148 and rest in caves or in shelters under boulders acnistus Brugmansia. 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