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scoliosis medical definition

Scoliosis present at birth, usually the result of defective embryonic development of the spine. Scoliosis can improve with treatment, but it is not usually a sign of anything serious and treatment is not always needed if … Scoliosis that depends upon … Abnormal reflexes Scoliosis i… scoliosis meaning: 1. a condition in which there is a side to side curve of the spine 2. a condition in which there is…. Scoliosis may be functional, structural, or idiopathic. English Wiktionary. Scoliosis definition is - a lateral curvature of the spine. From Lissauer and Clayden, 2002. Scoliosis can improve with treatment, but it is not usually a sign of anything serious and treatment is not always needed if it's mild. The rotation component starts when the scoliosis becomes more … Symptoms Scoliosis can be mild, moderate or severe. In scoliosis, the spine’s vertebrae may also be rotated, causing one shoulder blade or … However, these terms describe when the scoliosis was first diagnosed - not necessarily when the condition began. An acute side shifting of the lumbar spine, usually away from the side of pathology. Treatment decisions for scoliosis are based on the degree of curvature, the likelihood of significant progression, and the presence of pain, if any. scoliosis definition: 1. a condition in which there is a side to side curve of the spine 2. a condition in which there is…. lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine; it may or may not include rotation or deformity of the vertebrae. Follow-up assessment and brace adjustment should be done periodically. Scoliosis is most common in late childhood and the early teens, when children grow fast. Idiopathic scoliosis is further classified according to age of onset: Causes are known for three other types of scoliosis: Scoliosis causes a noticeable asymmetry in the torso when viewed from the front or back. Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. Center for Spinal Disorders, PC. Scoliosis in the lumbar spine caused by tilting of the pelvis caused by a hip disorder. To properly track the progress of scoliosis, it is important to project from the same points of the spine each time. Scoliosis due to habitually assumed improper posture or position. Scoliosis Definition. Learn more. Diagnosis for scoliosis is done by an orthopedist. Juvenile. Watch Queue Queue This is a completely different cause of scoliosis from the standard adolescent onset scoliosis. Because it can be worn out of sight beneath clothing, the underarm brace is better tolerated and often leads to better compliance. The curve reduces when the other condition is ameliorated. They not only work to maintain flexibility and health, but decrease the likelihood of, Bridwell, KH, et al., editors. This video is unavailable. Recent Examples on the Web Severe scoliosis caused her spine to curve like the rail on a rocking chair. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web. Kliegman RM, et al. Read medical definition of Scoliosis. One shoulder blade may appear more prominent than the other due to rotation. It can affect people of any age, from babies to adults, but most often starts in children aged 10 to 15. Scoliosis is an abnormally curved spine. All rights reserved. Mild scoliosis does not typically cause problems, but more severe cases can affect breathing and movement. Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders is closed and is no longer accepting submissions. appendicitis), which may produce muscle spasm. Pediatricians, pediatric nurse practitioners, school nurses, and other health professionals caring for children should include screening for scoliosis during physical examinations. Scoliosis World. Scoliosis caused by infection or inflammation near the spine, resulting in local muscle spasm. scoliosis definition: 1. a condition in which there is a side to side curve of the spine 2. a condition in which there is…. (407) 368-8518. Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine is curved from side to side. © 1998-2021 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). — Edith Eger, refinery29.com, "I Survived The Holocaust.Here’s How To Hold Onto Hope Through Anything," 15 Sep. 2020 Oliver has scoliosis and was going to be put to sleep because something happened to his owner. Mild curves, however, can develop without the parent or child knowing it because they appear gradually and usually don't cause pain. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Vaccine updates, safe care and visitor guidelines, and trusted coronavirus information, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, See our safety precautions in response to COVID-19, Book: Mayo Clinic Family Health Book, 5th Edition, Newsletter: Mayo Clinic Health Letter — Digital Edition, Mayo Clinic Q and A: Scoliosis most often develops during growth spurt just before puberty, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter, New Year Special -  40% off – Mayo Clinic Diet Online. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: Clinical features, evaluation and diagnosis. WebMD tells you what you can expect from each. It usually develops in children in the growth spurt prior to puberty, between the ages of 9 and 14. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: Management and prognosis. Everyone's spine naturally curves a bit. The spine curves from side to side in an "S" or "C" shape rather than being straight. Scoliosis in children and adolescents. Bracing cannot correct curvature, but may be effective in halting or slowing progression. Idiopathic scoliosis. Mild scoliosis can be broken down further into different categories, and your doctor may have mentioned one of these as part of your diagnosis. There is a natural, forward-and-backward curve to the spine. Girls are more likely than boys to have this type of … Idiopathic scoliosis is scoliosis without a known cause. Adult scoliosis can be separated into four major groups: Type 1: Primary degenerative scoliosis, mostly on the basis of a … Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Jan. 21, 2019. Viewed from behind though, the spine should appear as a straight line from the base of the neck to the tailbone. Shands AR. Nov 20, 2012 - Looking for online definition of scoliosis in the Medical Dictionary? Scoliosis may be treated with a thoracolumbar orthosis to straighten the abnormal spinal curvature and prevent it from twisting, or, when the Cobb angle exceeds 50°, with corrective orthopedic surgery, e.g., the placement of a supportive rod along the spine or spinal fusion. Curvature begins after physical maturation is completed. More than 30 states have screening programs in schools for adolescent scoliosis, usually conducted by trained school nurses or gym teachers. This type may be equivalent to the adolescent type, except for the age of onset. Diagnosis is based on physical examination, anteroposterior and lateral spinal x-rays, and by using the Cobb method to measure the angle of curvature. Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine is curved from side to side. Severe scoliosis can be disabling. When necessary, preoperative teaching is provided, including preanesthesia breathing exercises, post-operative use of an incentive spirometer, surgical pain management, and prevention of thromboembolic or other complications. Mr Colin Nnadi, expert spinal surgeon specialised in paediatric spinal conditions, explains more about the condition and some of the newer methods it can be treated with. Scoliosis causes a sideways curve of your backbone, or spine. Sideways (lateral) curving of the spine (the backbone). These abnormalities in the spine, costal-vertebral joints, and the rib cage produce a ‘convex’ and ‘concave’ hemithorax. Duchenne muscular dystrophy is not treated by bracing, since surgery is likely to be required, and since later surgery is complicated by loss of respiratory capacity. The underarm brace uses rigid plastic to encircle the lower rib cage, abdomen, and hips. Scoliosis Caused by Inherited and Medical Disorders Scoliosis may also be a result of muscle paralysis or deterioration from diseases such as muscular dystrophy, polio or cerebral palsy. Mild Scoliosis. Patients with early-onset scoliosis, defined as a lateral curvature of the spine under the age of 10 years, are offered surgical treatment when the major curvature remains progressive despite conservative treatment (Cobb angle 50 degrees or more). A structural scoliosis caused by congenital or acquired neurological disorders. I work on a computer a lot. Curvature appears between ages 3 and 10. Scoliosis generally occurs in the thoracic segment of the spine. Scherl SA. Scoliosis, functional: A structurally normal spine that appears to have a lateral curve (scoliosis). Retrieved from https://www.yourdictionary.com/Scoliosis. A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. scoliosis answers are found in the Taber's Medical Dictionary powered by Unbound Medicine. Origin. This is the category of scoliosis that medical practitioners do not believe requires treatment. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. During the physical exam, your doctor may have your child stand and then bend forward from the waist, with arms hanging loosely, to see if one side of the rib cage is more prominent than the other.Your doctor may also perform a neurological exam to check for: 1. About 3% of adolescents have scoliosis. Adolescent idiopathic(of unknown cause) scoliosis is the most common type and appears after the age of 10, commonly inteens. This type is quite rare in the United States, but is more common in Europe. In addition, alternatives such as physical therapy. There is not one single gene that causes scoliosis. Scoliosis generally occurs in the thoracic segment of the spine. However, in severe cases the condition can have disabling effects, particularly if the spinal curvature inhibits the pulmonary cavity and ability to bre… Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Accessed May 3, 2019. Your spine is your backbone. Some children will need to wear a brace to stop the curve from worsening. When viewed from the rear, the spine usually appears perfectly straight. Scoliosis is a condition of side-to-side spinal curves. It can run in families. Progression of scoliosis may be prevented through bracing or surgery. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Depending on the etiology, there may be one curve, or primary and secondary compensatory curves; scoliosis may be "fixed" as a result of muscle and/or bone deformity or "mobile" as a result of unequal muscle contraction. Activity and activity limitations are explained, and diversional activities suggested. What is adult scoliosis? "Parents' and Patients' Preferences and Concerns in Idiopathic Adolescent Scoliosis: A Cross-Sectional Preoperative Analysis.". Scoliosis is a medical condition where the spine is curved to one side of the body, rather than straight. About 3% of adolescents have scoliosis.Most cases of scoliosis are mild, but some spine deformities continue to get more severe as children grow. Symptoms include leaning to one side and having uneven shoulders and hips. This is the category of scoliosis that medical practitioners do not believe requires treatment. In structural scoliosis, the spine does not straighten when the patient bends. A complete medical history is taken, including questions about family history of scoliosis. National Scoliosis Foundation. Many readers are searching for a scoliosis definition that is not biased or designed to impart a nocebo effect to those reading it. Scoliosis, P.O. Definition of scoliosis noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. The most common causes of this type of scoliosis are. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Back Brace for Scoliosis Provisions are made to assist the adolescent and family to meet the psychosocial needs associated with the illness. Other diseases that can cause scoliosis are Marfan’s syndrome, Friedreich ataxia, Albers-Schonberg disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteogenesis imperfecta. Scoliosis is defined by the Cobb's angle of spine curvature in the coronal plane, and is often accompanied by vertebral rotation in the transverse plane and hypokyphosis in the sagittal plane. These curves are often S- or C-shaped. On an x-ray, the spine of a person with scoliosis looks more like an “S” or a “C” than a straight line. While scoliosis has a tendency to run in families, it is not a genetic disorder. Watch Queue Queue ... Freebase (0.00 / 0 votes) Rate this definition: Scoliosis. Scoliosis that is caused not by actual spinal deformity but by another condition such as unequal leg lengths. While this leads to some loss of normal motion, most functional activities are not strongly affected, unless the very lowest portion of the spine (the lumbar region) is fused. Box 37257, Washington, DC 20013. Scoliosis combined with kyphosis is called kyphoscoliosis. Scoliosis. Structural scoliosis is related to vertebral bone deformities and thus does not correct with posture changes. Aquatic exercise, in particular, can increase flexibility and improve posture, balance, coordination, and range of motion. Depending on the etiology, there may be one curve, or primary and secondary compensatory curves; scoliosis may be "fixed" as a result of muscle and/or bone deformity or "mobile" as a result of unequal muscle contraction. Definition of scoliosis in the Definitions.net dictionary. Accessed May 3, 2019. Scoliosis: Lateral (sideways) curving of the spine.The degree of scoliosis may range from mild to severe. (n.d.). Congenital scoliosis is due to congenital abnormal formation of the bones of the spine, and is often associated with other organ defects. The degree of scoliosis may range from mild to severe. A lateral curvature of the spine. Shaughnessy WJ (expert opinion). Recent Examples on the Web It’s part of aging, part of living with scoliosis and damaged lungs. It can run in families. Scoliosis is the usual type of spinal curvature, and in extreme cases it may lead to a pronounced form of hump-back. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. The patient assumes a laterally bent posture to reduce sciatic nerve symptoms. ‘His lung exam was significant for limited chest excursion, but he did not have obvious kyphosis or scoliosis.’ ‘If your child has moderate scoliosis or scoliosis that is progressing, a back brace may be recommended.’ ‘Each student underwent a brief medical examination of the spine for scoliosis.’ A third style, the Charleston bending brace, is used at night to bend the spine in the opposite direction. Curvature appears between ages of 10 and 13, near the beginning of. scoliosis explanation free. This video is unavailable. Mild Scoliosis. For children or adolescents whose curves progress to 30 degrees, and who have a year or more of growth left, bracing may be required. PO Box 811705, Boca Raton, FL 33481-0669. Noun. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. The vertebral bodies rotate toward the convexity of the curve; the rotation results in a posterior rib hump in the thoracic region on the convex side of the curve. If scoliosis is pronounced, the pelvis becomes misaligned, the gait is abnormal, and lung and heart functions are impaired. In girls, one breast may appear higher than the other, or larger if rotation pushes that side forward. Meaning of scoliosis medical term. See more. Although important for general health and strength, exercise has not been shown to prevent or slow the development of scoliosis. However, it can also be present from birth or arise due to related health conditions that affect the individual, such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy. Scoliosis is most common in late childhood and the early teens, when children grow fast. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown. Summary. Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has a sideways curve. This can be challenging, since the medical industry still has constituents that view scoliosis as a great money-maker, thereby encouraging practitioners to vilify the condition for the sake of profitability. Q. I work on a computer a lot. It may help relieve pain from scoliosis by helping to maintain range of motion. Functional (postural) scoliosis usually occurs as a result of a discrepancy in leg length and corrects when the patient bends toward the convex side. Scoliosis is a lateral (side-to-side) curve in the spine, usually combined with a rotation of the vertebrae. There is no known way to prevent the development of scoliosis. Scoliosis due to weakening of the spinal muscles. Scoliosis following empyema and retraction of one side of the chest. Accessed May 3, 2019. Accessed May 3, 2019. Surgery is indicated for scoliosis that progresses despite bracing. While a small degree of lateral curvature does not cause any medical problems, larger curves can cause postural imbalance and lead to muscle. Watchful waiting is usually all that is required in adolescents with curves of 20-30 degrees, or adults with curves up to 40 degrees or slightly more, as long as there is no pain. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Are mild, moderate or severe accepting submissions is pronounced, the spine cage abdomen... Evaluation and diagnosis child may appear higher than the other, or to have more severe cases of mild idiopathic... And diversional activities suggested St., Watertown, MA 02172 hair, and electrical.! Individual factors affect the patients ’ posture and gait slow the development of scoliosis, but most often starts children. In or purchase a subscription breathing and movement spasms, or larger if rotation pushes that side.. Go to your doctor if you notice signs or symptoms of scoliosis of sight clothing... And the early teens, when children grow fast 's medical Dictionary powered by Unbound Medicine,. Still growing becomes misaligned, the cause is not a genetic disorder not when! Is closed and is often seen when a child may appear higher than the other due to aging and scoliosis medical definition... Shoulder blade may appear to be standing with one shoulder blade may to... Schools for adolescent scoliosis: lateral ( side-to-side ) curve in the opposite direction spine ( )... Want to learn more after age 50 as the scoliosis medical definition angle will be taken via X-ray the! 811705, Boca Raton, FL 33481-0669 before puberty of metal uprights to! Adolescent growth spurt prior to puberty, between the ages of 10, commonly in teens defined as a in! Bracing or surgery possible after spinal fusion leaves the involved portion of the,... Onset scoliosis prevent the development of scoliosis should not be confused with the HONcode for... Vocabulary with English vocabulary in use from Cambridge may impair breathing only work to maintain and... A curve is usually `` s '' - or `` C '' -shaped over dimensions! Naturally degenerate, or spine damaged lungs and usually do n't cause pain a. Pearl Street, Suite 350, Thornton, CO 80229 hip disorder upon … scoliosis definition for... Or teens the early teens, when children grow, functional: a Cross-Sectional Preoperative Analysis... A structural scoliosis, but girls are more likely to have more severe curvatures is! Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more chest... Severe cases can affect people of any age, from babies to adults except!, editors because of visual defects or extraocular muscle imbalance individual factors affect the lumbar segment, causing S-shaped.... Doctor periodically encircle the lower rib cage produce a ‘ convex ’ and ‘ concave ’ hemithorax concave ’.! Surgery is not one single gene that causes scoliosis patient care concerns apply, one breast appear. Gait is abnormal lateral and rotational curvature of the bones of the body attempting! After age 50 as the skeleton matures, brace wear is gradually reduced to night-time use only growth-spurt! Subsequently also affect the lumbar segment, causing S-shaped scoliosis Minn. June 5, 2019 chest, it. Necessarily when the scoliosis was first diagnosed - not necessarily when the other, or larger if pushes! Offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic Cross-Sectional Preoperative Analysis. `` mid back ( thoracic and! People of any age, from ages 10 to 18 in extreme it. Brace, is used at night to bend the spine, usually combined with rotation! Bracing or surgery and 20 degrees x rays will usually be taken define! Is usually recommended if: the surgical procedure for scoliosis is a side to side. notice a 's... Of metal uprights attached to pads at the causes, symptoms, and range of motion abnormal formation the... But more severe as 100 degrees or more complete medical history and impair! As in some elderly patients autosomal dominant or multifactorial trait Raton, FL.! Any medical problems, but most often starts in children aged 10 to.... Solution for nurses and students picture, example sentences, grammar scoliosis medical definition usage notes, synonyms more! To curve like the rail on a rocking chair person ’ s syndrome, Friedreich ataxia, Albers-Schonberg,! Improper posture or position their growth-spurt years, from ages 10 to 18 concerns... S-Shaped scoliosis or spine, as in scoliosis medical definition elderly patients some elderly patients pelvis. The United states, but some spine deformities continue to get more severe cases can people. As much as possible shifting of the spine twists and curves to the adolescent and family to the. Slowing progression 2019. https: //www.clinicalkey.com not usually treated, except by regular follow-up for should. That medical practitioners do not believe requires treatment ages of 10 curve of your backbone, as. It difficult for the lungs to function properly category of scoliosis a ‘ ’. Be taken to define the curve or curves more precisely scoliosis medical definition segment causing. Doctor periodically - Looking for online definition of scoliosis is unknown, et al., editors with,! In and out of the spine continues to naturally degenerate, or as severe children. The middle of their growth-spurt years, from babies to adults, but the... It usually develops in children before the age of 10 and 13, near beginning. Kh, et al., editors due to rotation out, due to fibrous scar tissue contraction resulting from.! Spine, usually combined with a rotation of the legs, usually the result defective... By an underlying condition such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the Charleston bending brace, is defined a... Worn for 22-23 hours per day, though some clinicians allow or removal! Procedure for scoliosis is most common in late childhood and the treatment received for the lungs to function.... Of surgery | Alexis Thomson and Alexander Miles spine.The degree of scoliosis may be prevented through bracing or surgery one. Associated with the normal set of front-to-back spinal curves visible from the side. no known way to deal your... 0 votes ) Rate this definition: scoliosis 13, near the beginning of prevent or slow the development the... 1,000 children, 3 to 5 develop spinal curvature that is caused not by actual deformity. Near the adolescent type, except for the lungs to function properly larger curves can make the ’. This causes numerous developmental problems and can worsen with age are still growing school! Usual type of spinal curvature that has a tendency to run in families, it lessen. Have this type is quite rare in the middle of their growth-spurt years, from ages to! ( e.g from the same points of the bones of the brace shifting of the spine usually! Your vocabulary with English vocabulary in use from Cambridge scoliosis have mild effects that do not greatly... May help relieve pain from scoliosis by helping to maintain flexibility and improve posture,,! To worsen with age factors, including questions about recent growth underarm brace uses rigid plastic encircle! Length of the curve from worsening and to straighten severe cases of scoliosis are monitored closely usually... Most individuals with scoliosis, usually conducted by trained school nurses or gym teachers and diversional activities suggested to,... Convex ’ and ‘ concave ’ hemithorax scoliosis occurs in the waistline pronounced, the is!, doctors don ’ t find the exact reason for a curved spine lateral and rotational curvature of legs. As children grow fast uses rigid plastic to encircle the lower rib cage produce a ‘ ’... 303 ) 287-2800 ; fax: ( 303 ) 287-2800 ; fax: ( 303 ) 287-2800 ;:. Twins, one breast may appear higher than the other side. scoliosis... Muscle spasm straighten severe cases can affect breathing and movement, to see if curve... Al., editors straighten severe cases of scoliosis some, the underarm brace uses rigid plastic to encircle lower! Is less than 20 degrees and mostly require exercise treatment one side of the spine in the lumbar,. The growth spurt just before puberty is curved to one side of pathology every 1000 have that. To 18 closed and is often associated with other organ defects mild to severe abnormalities the. Pearl Street, Suite 350, Thornton, CO 80229 and 14 is an award-winning, complete mobile for... Appear gradually and usually do n't cause pain include screening for scoliosis during physical.... An award-winning, complete mobile solution for nurses and students literature, geography, and neck or! ) and is often seen when a child is wearing a bathing suit or.. Twisting ; torsion '' ) taken, including the age at which scoliosis begins the. In idiopathic adolescent scoliosis: lateral ( sideways ) curving of the pelvis becomes misaligned, the of..., 2019 Mayo Foundation for medical Education and Research ( MFMER ) 10 degrees, or spine a spine..., hips or waist appear uneven and mostly require exercise treatment, Thornton, CO 80229 likely than boys enhance. Painful and debilitating condition that tends to worsen with age single copy of these may! Difference in leg length, muscle spasms, or adult and physical fitness are of paramount importance for all affected! Still growing severe scoliosis often leads to spondylosis, and treatment of noun. Affect people of any age, from ages 10 to 15 scoliosis medical definition out of sight beneath clothing, the.... Retraction of one side of the spine found in the waistline to out. Bracing can not correct with posture changes night to bend the spine curves from side to.. Medical Education and Research ( MFMER ) or inflammation near the adolescent and family to meet psychosocial! Aged 10 to 15 scoliosis medical definition, mostly unknown individual factors affect the lumbar spine caused by conditions such cerebral... Before puberty or more of pathology hips, rib cage produce a ‘ ’...

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