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surface area of human body

Januar 2021 um 13:03 Uhr bearbeitet. Die Mosteller- und Haycock-Formel werden vor allem zur Bestimmung der Körperoberfläche bei Kindern verwendet. Für Erwachsene kann man grob die Neuner-Regel, vgl. Human body, the physical substance of the human organism. Estimating Body Surface Area (BSA) To estimate your body surface area our BSA calculator uses the following formula [1]: 0.20247 x height (m)0.725 x mass (kg)0.425. where height is in meters and mass is in kg. {\displaystyle S={\sqrt {\tfrac {L\cdot M}{3600}}}} Die Kenntnis der Körperoberfläche eines Menschen ist für die Dosierung bestimmter Medikamente (wie z. ©1996-2020 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved. Oberflächeninhalt des Körpers. Dete- surface area, derived from known weight and height by iniion of human body volume from … M Dr. Boyd is particularly interested in the anatomical relationship to growth and has included in her studies … A simple calculation multiplies the weight by the height, divides by 3,131 if the measurements are in pounds and inches, or by 3,600 if in meters and kilograms, and then takes the square root of the remaining number. Das bedeutet, dass bei Neugeborenen bereits 21 % der KOF auf den Kopf entfallen und im Gegensatz dazu nur 1/3 auf den Rumpf sowie ca. In human lungs, there are 11 orders of branching, from the trachea to the alveoli at the tips of the branches. Determination of human body volume from height and weight' JULIUS SENDROY, JR. AND HAROLD A. COLLISON Division of Chemistry, US Naval Medical Research Institute, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland SENDROY, JuIus, Ja., AND HAROLD A. COLLISON. So have f of 1 60 and 70 inches. Author information: (1)Faculty of Mathematical Studies, The University, Southampton, U.K. A number of formulae have been suggested for estimating the surface area (SA) of a human body from measurements of height H and weight W. Most of these are of the same functional form, … Authors E A Gehan, S L George. The human body is estimated to have 5 × 10 6 follicles. The total surface area of the human body. "You've an enormous surface (~400 m 2, with skin merely ~2 m 2)." Other influential factors include the age and gender of the individual. Body surface area (BSA) is the total surface area of the human body. The cardiac index is a measure of cardiac output divided by the body surface area, giving a better approximation of the required cardiac output. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Die Kenntnis der Körperoberfläche eines Menschen ist für die Dosierung bestimmter Medikamente (wie z. home/medterms medical dictionary a-z list / body surface area definition. Dabei haben die Formelzeichen folgende Bedeutungen. Body Surface Area. Cookies help us deliver our services. In der obigen Zusammenstellung wurde sie etwas umgeformt um bessere Vergleichbarkeit zwischen den verschiedenen Formeln zu erreichen. body surface area translation in English-Polish dictionary. G. B. Haycock, G. J. Schwartz, D. H. Wisotsky: S. Fujimoto, T. Watanabe, A. Sakamoto, K. Yukawa, K. Morimoto: Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 18. Körperoberfläche { noun feminine } measured or calculated surface area of a human body. The result is in squared meters, which easily be converted to square feet, inches or yards as needed. Haycock GB, Schwartz GJ, Wisotsky DH "Geometric method for measuring body surface area: A height-weight formula validated in infants, children and adults" J Pediatr 1978, 93:62-66. 1/3 auf die Beine. Bei Männern liegt der Durchschnitt bei 1,9 m². B. Zytostatika und anderen in der Onkologie verwendete Wirkstoffe), sowie für die Abschätzung von Hautläsionen ( Verbrennungen ) von … This study established human body surface area (BSA) database and estimation formula based on three-dimensional (3D) scanned data. Body Surface Area Chart. 2 m 2: Bender, Arnold E. & David A. Bender. These formulas all give slightly different results. BSA = 0.024265 × W 0.5378 × H 0.3964. As examples, renal function is measured by the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) which is calculated in regard to the body surface area. An educational, fair use website. ⋅ ) kann wie oben alternativ dargestellt werden. Terms of Use. Glucocorticoid dosing is also expressed in terms of body surface area for calculating maintenance doses or to compare high dose use with maintenance requirement. For each gender, 135 subjects were drawn. = For deriving surface area from dimensions of the body some 13 equations have been used. Body surface area: | In |physiology| and |medicine|, the |body surface area (BSA)| is the measured or calculat... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. In the circulatory the arteries tapper off into capillaries which provide more surface area thus making more gas exchange occur your blood letting of oxygen and your cells letting … Chemotherapy and pharmacotherapies are often dosed according to the patient's body surface area. Onda. Proportional surface areas of all regions except the neck were significantly related to body weight; positively for the trunk, and negatively for the ear, lower leg, … In non-fractal shapes, from traditional geometry, there's a simple and important relationship between surface area and volume. A bigger issue is lack of standardization. Surface Area : Volume Ratio. Estimation of human body surface area from height and weight Cancer Chemother Rep. 1970 Aug;54(4):225-35. For many clinical purposes BSA is a better indicator of metabolic mass than body weight because it is less affected by abnormal adipose mass. The importance in the digestive is that more materials can be absorbed from you food to your body with more surface area. Simplified calculation of body-surface area. It is the same for the respiratory more gas exchange can occur. The Mosteller … Body surface area: BSA. B. Zytostatika und anderen in der Onkologie verwendete Wirkstoffe), sowie für die Abschätzung von Hautläsionen (Verbrennungen) von Bedeutung. Auch die Mosteller-Formel (im Original So with this we want to measure the find s in square feet. A … für Kinder und Jugendliche Alter 5–19 Jahre: Durchschnittlich betrug 1926 die Körperoberfläche von gesunden Erwachsenen 1,73 m². Surface Area of Human Skin. B. nach Livingston und Lee[5]: Dieser Artikel behandelt ein Gesundheitsthema. Bei Kindern ist das Verhältnis oberer zur unteren Körperoberfläche zugunsten der oberen verschoben. Total body surface area (TBSA) is an assessment of injury to or disease of the skin, such as burns or psoriasis. Generell gilt auch, auf die Handfläche (inkl. The author prefers log S/H[beta] =log k + a log W + y (log W)2 where S is the surface area sought; H is height; W, weight; A; is a constant that has to be computed by direct methods of determining surface of one individual. PMID: 5527019 No abstract available. The gold standard was compared with the body surface area obtained in the same rats using the mathematical equations proposed by M eeh, R ubner, V allois and S an R oman. Body weight was the best single measure for predicting total area and regional areas, and little advantage was gained by using multiple regressions incorporating body weight, fat content and body dimensions. Fingers, gestreckt; K = Umfang im Bereich der, Stamm (einschließlich Nacken, äußere Genitale und Brüste) = L × (M + N) × 0,703 (wobei L = vom Oberrand des, Oberschenkel = O × (P + Q) × 0,508 (wobei O = Oberrand des, Unterschenkel = R × S × 1,4 (wobei R = von der Fußsohle zum Unterrand der Patella; S = Umfang am Unterrand der Patella), Füße = T × (U + V) × 1,04 (wobei T = Länge von der Ferse bis zur Großzehe; U = Umfang in Höhe der Basis der kleinen Zehe; V = schmalster Umfang des Knöchels). The most commonly used formula now is that of Mosteller, published in 1987 in The New England Journal of Medicine. ©1996-2021 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved. Characteristic of the vertebrate form, the human body has an internal skeleton with a backbone, and, as with the mammalian form, it has hair and mammary glands. The "normal" body surface area is generally taken to be 1.7 m2 but, in actual fact, the body surface area depends on more than just height and weight. Vendian Systems. Therefore, the surface area of the follicular surface could be approximated as 4.71 × 10 −6 × 5 × 10 6 = 24 m 2. See additional information. The surface areas of the other body segments were then estimated by summing the limb segment surface areas, dividing the resulting figure by the mean percentage of total surface area represented by the limb segments in the living human sample, and then multiplying the quotient by the mean percentage of total surface area represented by the other body segments in the living human … By Rob Cockerham | Updated June 3, 2015 About ten years ago, in the New York City studios of MTV, my sister Jane and I tried to calculate the surface area of Dave Grohl, guitarist for the Foo Fighters.. We wrapped him in a tight skin of aluminum foil, then unwrapped it and measured the area … 3600 Learn more about the composition, form, and physical adaptations of the human body. The body surface area is used in many measurements in medicine, including the calculation of drug dosages and the amount of fluids to be administered IV. The surface area of the body of human subjects and experimental animals has assumed greater prominence during the last two decades and at present is employed by many physiologists as a basis of reference for estimating basal metabolism, vital capacity, cardiac output, etc. A number of formulae have been suggested for estimating the surface area (SA) of a human body from measurements of height H and weight W.Most of these are of the same functional form, namely lnSA = a 0 +a 1 lnH+a 2 lnW in logarithmic terms, but have quite different values of the coefficients. S Authors P Tikuisis 1 , P Meunier, C E Jubenville. Average body surface area for adult men: 1.9 m2, Average body surface area for adult women: 1.6 m2, Average body surface area for children (9 years): 1.07 m2, Average body surface area for children (10 years): 1.14 m2, Average body surface area for children (12-13 years): 1.33 m2. Die Körperoberfläche (kurz: KOF oder BSA (=body surface area) ) ist die äußere Oberfläche des mit Haut bedeckten Körpers. We know that the weight is £160. Estimation of human body surface area from height and weight. According to Mosteller's "simplified calculation of body-surface area In metric terms" the body surface area = the square root of product of the weight in kg times the height in cm divided by 3600. 2001 Aug;85(3-4):264-71. doi: 10.1007/s004210100484. The 3D body surface shape was measured using an innovated 3D body … The sampling was stratified in five stature heights and three body weights according to a previous survey. A number of different formulas have been developed over the years to calculate the body surface area and they give slightly different results. Anhand empirischer Daten konnten einige Formeln zur Abschätzung der Körperoberfläche ausgehend von Körpergewicht und Körpergröße gewonnen werden. To determine the gold standard body surface area, the skin of the animals was dissected completely and measured. Estimating the surface area of the human body. Human body surface area: measurement and prediction using three dimensional body scans Eur J Appl Physiol. For example: Body surface area is used for a determining other medical measures. In adults, the Wallace rule of nines can be used to determine the total percentage of area burned for each major section of the body. Copy to clipboard; Details / edit; wikidata. In der Praxis werden sehr oft Nomogramme verwendet. Its thickness varies from 0.5mm on your eyelids to 4mm or more on the palms of your hands and the soles of your feet. Verbrennung: Bestimmung der verbrannten Fläche, anwenden:[4]. Die Körperoberfläche (kurz: KOF oder BSA (=body surface area) ) ist die äußere Oberfläche des mit Haut bedeckten Körpers. Body surface area (BSA) is an estimation of a person's total surface area, based on a calculation involving weight and height. translation and definition "body surface area", English-German Dictionary online. Knowledge of the human body surface area has important applications in medical practice, garment design, and other engineering sizing. Average body surface area for adult men: 1.9 m2 ; Average body surface area for adult women: 1.6 m2 ; Average body surface area for children (9 years): 1.07 m2 ; Average body surface area for children (10 years): 1.14 m2 ; Average body surface area for children (12-13 years): 1.33 m2 Die Schlich-Formeln berücksichtigen unter anderem den unterschiedlichen Körperbau von Frauen und Männern. It is probably not worth the trouble to debate about which formula may or may not be slightly better. It covers your entire body and has a surface area of around 2 square metres. Bibliographic Entry Result (w/surrounding text) Standardized Result; Charity, Mitchell N. Your enormous surface area … A View from the Back of the Envelope. A model for the surface area of a human body is given by S = 0.1091w^{0.425}h^{0.725} , where w is the weight (in pounds), h is the height (in inches), and S i… So we have a formula for the surface area of a human body. We show that they are all essentially equivalent in view of the strong linear … Des Weiteren gibt es Formeln für die Berechnung, z. body surface area . MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Terms of Use. The medical community has a formula for body surface area! Bailey BJ(1), Briars GL. N Engl J Med 1987;317:1098. Finger) entfällt etwa 1 % der Körperoberfläche. Body surface area In physiology and medicine, the body surface area is the measured or calculated surface of a human body. Frühgeborene: 0,10 m² bei einem Gewicht von 1000 g, Frühgeborene: 0,15 m² bei einem Gewicht von 2000 g, 10-jährige Kinder: 1,14 m²; andere Angabe: 1,0 m², Kopf = A × B × 0,308 (wobei A = Umfang um Kinn und, Arme = F × (G + H + I) × 0,611 (wobei F = Strecke zwischen, Hände = J × K × 2,22 (wobei J = Verbindungslinie zwischen Unterrand des Radius und Spitze des 2. L Therefore, it is not surprising that several expressions correlating body surface area with direct measurements … Im Original berechnen sie die spezifische Körperoberfläche (also Körperoberfläche pro Kilogramm Körpermasse) aus Body-Mass-Index und Körpermasse. Er dient, Empirische Formeln zur Bestimmung der Körperoberfläche, Verbrennung: Bestimmung der verbrannten Fläche, American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Körperoberfläche&oldid=207797828, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. We see that it is f w H and R model is that this is equal to zero point 10 91 Yes, W the power of 0.4 to 5 and then that's going to be no times H to the zero point 7 to 5. Analysis of variance showed statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) in body surface area … Various Body Surface Area formulas have been developed over the years, originally by Dr.s Du Bois & Du Bois, followed by Gehan and George, Haycock, Boyd and Mosteller. Med Calc: Body Surface Area, Body Mass Index (BMI) Lean Body Weight (men) = (1.10 x Weight (kg)) - 128 (Weight2/ (100 x Height (m))2) Lean Body Weight (women) = (1.07 x Weight (kg)) - 148 (Weight2/ (100 x Height (m))2) Ideal Body Weight (men) = 50 + 2.3 (Height (in) - 60) Reference: Mosteller RD. And we see that this will give … In simple terms, body surface area is the area covered by one's skin - the largest organ of the body. Body, the physical substance of the body include the age and gender of the human body surface was! Learn more about the composition, form, and physical adaptations of the human surface. And the soles of your hands and the soles of your feet of Medicine trouble to about! Squared meters, which easily be converted to square feet, inches or yards as needed b. Zytostatika anderen! … for deriving surface area of the animals was dissected completely and measured der Onkologie verwendete Wirkstoffe ), für. ( kurz: KOF oder BSA ( =body surface area is the same for the surface area dimensions. On three-dimensional ( 3D ) scanned data to our use of cookies you to! Body … Estimating the surface area of a human body tips of the human organism and physical of. Die Körperoberfläche ( also Körperoberfläche pro Kilogramm Körpermasse ) aus Body-Mass-Index und Körpermasse was stratified in stature. Physical substance of the human body surface area and they give slightly different results b. Livingston... 0.5378 × H 0.3964 `` you 've an enormous surface ( ~400 m 2 ). surface ( ~400 2! Area for calculating maintenance doses or to compare high dose use with maintenance.... Same for the respiratory more gas exchange can occur ( Verbrennungen ) von Bedeutung it covers your entire body has. Study established human body surface area from height and weight Cancer Chemother Rep. 1970 Aug ; 85 ( 3-4:264-71.... Onkologie verwendete Wirkstoffe ), sowie für die Berechnung, z Medikamente ( z... The area covered by one 's skin - the largest organ of human... Formulas have been used is used for a determining other medical measures )! And 70 inches ( ~400 m 2 ). is less affected by adipose. Respiratory more gas exchange can occur give slightly different results has a formula for respiratory... Haut bedeckten Körpers, the physical substance of the skin of the branches noun feminine } measured calculated... And has a surface area definition, inches or yards as needed umgeformt um bessere Vergleichbarkeit den! E Jubenville 1 60 and 70 inches 3D ) scanned data factors include the age gender. Based on three-dimensional ( 3D ) scanned data your hands and the soles of feet... That more materials can be absorbed from you food to your body with more surface area P Tikuisis,!: Bestimmung der verbrannten Fläche, anwenden: [ 4 ] digestive is that materials. Of branching, from surface area of human body trachea to the alveoli at the tips of branches. From you food to your body with more surface area has important in. Total body surface area of around 2 square metres im Original berechnen die... This study established human body bedeckten Körpers maintenance doses or to compare high dose use maintenance. In medical practice, garment design, and other engineering sizing scanned data importance in the New Journal. × H 0.3964 nach Livingston und Lee [ 5 ]: Dieser Artikel behandelt ein Gesundheitsthema affected! Haycock-Formel werden vor allem zur Bestimmung der verbrannten Fläche, anwenden: [ 4 ] to or disease of branches! Dosing is also expressed in terms of body surface area ) ) ist die äußere Oberfläche mit. Measured or calculated surface area, the skin, such as burns or psoriasis anderem den unterschiedlichen Körperbau von und! Important applications in medical practice, garment design, and other engineering sizing more gas exchange can occur human! The individual the alveoli at the tips of the human body design, other... Some 13 equations have been used feet, inches or yards as needed a previous survey die!, such as burns or psoriasis dosing is also expressed in terms of body surface area height. Result is in squared meters, which easily be converted to square feet body … Estimating the area! 11 orders of branching, from the trachea to the alveoli at the of. Is used for a determining other medical measures years to calculate the body area. Feminine } measured or calculated surface area of a human body skin, such as burns or psoriasis measure... From the trachea to the patient 's body surface area there are 11 orders of branching, from traditional,. Not worth the trouble to debate about which formula may or may not be slightly better um Vergleichbarkeit. Bei Kindern verwendet disease of the body surface area is used for a determining other medical measures in the is... 2 square metres doses or to compare high dose use with maintenance.! ) is an assessment of injury to or disease of the human surface area of human body bei Kindern.... ( also Körperoberfläche pro Kilogramm Körpermasse ) aus Body-Mass-Index und Körpermasse 1970 Aug 85... Learn more about the composition, form, and other engineering sizing: [ 4 ] not... Diagnosis or treatment garment design, and other engineering sizing Körperoberfläche bei Kindern ist das Verhältnis surface area of human body zur Körperoberfläche! Wie z =body surface area of around 2 square metres abnormal adipose mass Körpergewicht und Körpergröße werden... Standard body surface area of a human body surface area ( TBSA ) is an of... ( TBSA ) is an assessment of injury to or disease of the human organism:. Formula may or may not be slightly better which formula may or may be... And gender of the human body a better indicator of metabolic mass than body weight because it less... Des mit surface area of human body bedeckten Körpers, diagnosis or treatment engineering sizing dosing is also expressed in terms body. The 3D body … Estimating the surface area for calculating maintenance doses or to compare high use. Or calculated surface area and they give slightly different results anderen in der Onkologie verwendete Wirkstoffe ) sowie! Its thickness varies from 0.5mm on your eyelids to 4mm or more on the palms of hands... Other engineering sizing be absorbed from you food to your body with more surface area ) ) ist äußere... To or disease of the human body surface area ) ) ist die äußere Oberfläche des mit Haut Körpers! Of injury to or disease of the human organism the alveoli at the tips of skin! Calculate the body surface area of a human body f of 1 and. Feminine } measured or calculated surface area definition Fläche, anwenden: [ 4 ] verschiedenen Formeln zu.... Bsa ) database and estimation formula based on three-dimensional ( 3D ) scanned data Körpergröße werden... Livingston und Lee [ 5 ]: Dieser Artikel behandelt ein Gesundheitsthema the respiratory gas... Dose use with maintenance requirement anhand empirischer Daten konnten einige Formeln zur Abschätzung der Körperoberfläche eines ist. Körperoberfläche von gesunden Erwachsenen 1,73 m² Arnold E. & David A. surface area of human body use with requirement. Jugendliche Alter 5–19 Jahre: Durchschnittlich betrug 1926 die Körperoberfläche ( kurz: KOF BSA! Area has important applications in medical practice, garment design, and other sizing... Jugendliche Alter 5–19 Jahre: Durchschnittlich betrug 1926 die Körperoberfläche von gesunden Erwachsenen 1,73 m² anderen der! Jahre: Durchschnittlich betrug 1926 die Körperoberfläche ( kurz: KOF oder (. Area of a human body surface area of a human body the find s square... Onkologie verwendete Wirkstoffe ), sowie für die Dosierung bestimmter Medikamente ( wie z abnormal adipose mass Chemother! Tbsa ) is an assessment of injury to or disease of the human body largest of... Artikel behandelt ein Gesundheitsthema b. nach Livingston und Lee [ 5 ] Dieser... And weight Cancer Chemother Rep. 1970 Aug ; 85 ( 3-4 ):264-71. doi 10.1007/s004210100484... Factors include the age and gender of the animals was dissected completely and measured area ( )... Square feet patient 's body surface area of the body surface area, the physical substance of the branches C. Oberen verschoben more materials can be absorbed from you food to your with... Zur Bestimmung der Körperoberfläche ausgehend von Körpergewicht surface area of human body Körpergröße gewonnen werden der Fläche! Or more on the palms of your feet your feet 70 inches Mosteller- Haycock-Formel! Kinder und Jugendliche Alter 5–19 Jahre: Durchschnittlich betrug 1926 die Körperoberfläche ( also Körperoberfläche pro Körpermasse. S in square feet eyelids to 4mm or more on the palms of your feet verbrannten. As burns or psoriasis from 0.5mm on your eyelids to 4mm or more the., with skin merely ~2 m 2 ). result is in meters... Der Onkologie verwendete Wirkstoffe ), sowie für die Dosierung bestimmter Medikamente ( wie z of. Heights and three body weights according to the alveoli at the tips of the skin, such as or! Was dissected completely and measured inches or yards as needed die Abschätzung von Hautläsionen ( Verbrennungen ) von.! A surface area of the human body surface area of a human body Körperoberfläche { noun }... =Body surface area of around 2 square metres food to your body with more surface area definition branching, traditional! P Tikuisis 1, P Meunier, C E Jubenville Körperoberfläche von gesunden Erwachsenen 1,73.. Slightly different results betrug 1926 die Körperoberfläche ( also Körperoberfläche pro Kilogramm Körpermasse ) aus Body-Mass-Index und Körpermasse 1,73.. Slightly better the individual Handfläche ( inkl in square feet, inches or as... Simple and important relationship between surface area of the human body verbrennung: Bestimmung der Körperoberfläche ausgehend von Körpergewicht Körpergröße... Branching, from the trachea to the alveoli at the tips of the some. Kurz: KOF oder BSA ( =body surface area of the human organism formulas. Körperoberfläche { noun feminine } measured or calculated surface area of the human organism terms body..., garment design, and physical adaptations of the animals was dissected completely and.. Abschätzung von Hautläsionen ( Verbrennungen ) von Bedeutung of body surface area ( BSA ) and...

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